Collaborative Learning

Collaborative Learning (CL) is an educational approach in which learners work together in small groups on a common goal (e.g., to solve a problem, discuss points of view, complete a task, or create a product). Through this teaching and learning approach students have the opportunity to interact with peers, to discuss, defend and present their ideas. Therefore, they begin to create their individual points of view to not merely rely on an expert’s framework (Laal & Laal, 2012; Srinivas, 2011). Creating collaborative learning environments are based on the constructivist notion of students being responsible for constructing their own knowledge (Reinfried, 2004). The students not only become responsible for their own learning processes, but also for their classmates’ learning processes. The collaborative idea contributes to the fact that the success of one learner helps other students to be successful.

Laal, M., & Laal, M. (2012). Collaborative learning: what is it? Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 31, 491-495.
Reinfried, S. (2004). Do Curriculum Reforms Affect Classroom Teaching in Geography? The Case Study of Switzerland. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 13(3), 239-250.
Srinivas, H. (2011). What is Collaborative Learning? .